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Handling Web Alerts


Alert is a pop-up window that comes up on the screen. There are many user actions that can result in an alert on the screen. For e.g. user clicked on a button that displayed a message or maybe when you entered a form, the HTML page asked you for some extra information.

Alerts are different from regular windows. The main difference is that alerts are blocking in nature. They will not allow any action on the underlying webpage if they are present. So if an alert is present on the webpage and you try to access any of the elements in the underlying page you will get an exception.

Types of Alerts

There are basically three types of alert:

  1. Simple Alert

  2. Confirmation Alert

  3. Prompt Alert

Handling alerts using Selenium WebDriver

Selenium provides us with an interface called Alert. It is present in the org.openqa.selenium.Alert package. Alert interface gives us the following methods to deal with the alert:

  • accept() To accept the alert

  • dismiss() To dismiss the alert

  • getText() To get the text of the alert

  • sendKeys() To write some text to the alert


1.Simple Alert:

alert("This is a simple alert");

2.Confirmation Alert:

var popuResult = confirm("Confirm pop up with OK and Cancel button");

3.Prompt Alert:

var person = prompt("Do you like toolsqa?", "Yes/No");

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